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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements (RGU Harvard) outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Presentation of Manuscripts

Abbreviations - Avoid the use of abbreviations unless they are likely to be widely recognised. In particular you should avoid abbreviating key concepts in your paper where readers might not already be familiar with the abbreviation. Any abbreviations which the authors intend to use should be written out in full and followed by the letters in brackets the first time they appear, thereafter only the letters without brackets should be used.
Statistics - Standard methods of presenting statistical material should be used. Where methods used are not widely recognised explanation and full reference to widely accessible sources must be given.
Exact p values should be given to no more than three decimal places.
Wherever possible give both point estimates and confidence intervals for all population parameters estimated by the study (e.g. group differences, frequency of characteristics). Identify the statistical package used.

Word Length
Contemporary Issues - 2,000-2,500 words.
Papers that discuss contemporary issues within nursing, midwifery and health profession education, and stimulate scholarly debate, are welcomed. Authors who have ideas which address issues of substantive concern to the disciplines, particularly those of a controversial nature, should consider submitting a Contemporary Issue piece. The issues must be current and, although they can be of national agenda, they must have international implications or be of relevance to an international audience.

Contemporary Issues should consist of editorial-style. No abstract is required, but Keywords and up to 8 references should be included (following the style as outlined in this Guide). References and Keywords are included in the word count. Contemporary Issues should be submitted online in the usual way for the journal.

Research Papers - 3,000-5,000 words.
Papers reporting original research are welcomed between 3,500-5,000 words, including abstract/summary and references. Please check your text carefully before you send it off, both for correct content and typographic errors. You will increase the chances of acceptance if you draw on the experience of previously published colleagues where possible. It is not possible to change the content of accepted papers during production. Research papers should adhere to recognised standards for reporting (see Guidance below - Considerations to specific types of research design).

Reviews - 3,000 - 5,000 words.
Reviews are welcomed by the journal editors including, 1.systematic reviews, 2. literature reviews, which provide a thorough analysis of the literature on a topic.The word count includes abstracts and keywords but excludes references.

Big Ideas - 1,500-2,000 words.
You are invited to submit a review essay of a book or article (including works of fiction) or 'big idea' from the arts, sciences or humanities that has guided or influenced you as a practitioner, educator and/or academic. The review should normally focus on a book or idea from outside the immediate scope of nursing, midwifery and healthcare, and might include an overview, a critical appraisal and some thoughts about how it could be applied to practice and/or education.

Critical commentaries of previously published contributions to the 'Big Ideas' series are also welcome. Abstracts and key words are not required, and papers of approximately 1500-2000 words (excluding references) should be submitted in the usual way, indicating that they are intended for the 'Big Ideas' section.

Do not use 'he', 'his' etc where the sex of the person is unknown, say 'the nurse' etc. Avoid inelegant alternatives such as 'he/she'. Nurses and doctors should not be automatically designated as 'he/she'. In terms of style, try to avoid artificially objective language such as 'the author thought that' or 'the researcher' where this person is yourself. 'I' or 'we' are acceptable when related to matters concerning the author(s) themselves or their opinions.

Supporting Documentation
A Covering letter to the editor in which you detail authorship contributions and other matters you wish the editors to consider.

• The title page should be provided as a separate file .
• Your title page should give the title in capital letters, below which should be the authors' names (as they appear) in lower-case letters.
• For each author you should give one first name as well as the family name and any initials

Co-authors student names should always appear first.

  • Authors' addresses should be limited to the minimum information needed to ensure accurate postal delivery; these details should be on the title page below the authors' names and appointments
    • Authors should also provide a daytime contact telephone number and e-mail address.
    • The title should explicitly describe the topic and type of paper and should be in the format "Topic/question: Design/type of paper" (e.g. Student nurse perceptions of risk in relation to international placements: A phenomenological research study).
    • All Acknowledgements/Contribution/Funding statements should be listed on the author ‘Title Page’ file and not in the Manuscript (to avoid disclosure to reviewers). There should be no author details appearing in the ‘Manuscript’ file or the ‘Response to Reviewers’ file for revised submissions

    An abstract of your paper, a maximum of 300 words summarising the content, should follow the title page. The abstract should not include references or abbreviations.
    Abstracts of Research Papers must be structured. As guidance they should include Background;Objectives; Design; Settings; Participants; Methods; Results; and Conclusions.
    Abstracts for Reviews should provide a summary under the following headings, where possible: Objectives, Design, Data sources, Review methods, Results, Conclusions.
    Abstracts are not required for Editorials and Contemporary Issues.

    Include 4-8 keywords. The purpose of these is to increase the likely accessibility of your paper to potential readers searching the literature. Therefore, ensure keywords are descriptive of the study. Refer to a recognised thesaurus of keywords wherever possible, for example refer to the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH®) thesaurus or Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL) headings.

    The content of your paper should determine the headings you use. If yours is a quantitative research paper the headings should follow the usual layout, such as:Introduction, Background/Literature, Methods, Data/Results, Discussion, Conclusions. If your paper takes another form, theoretical or qualitative for example, you should use the appropriate headings, but do bear in mind that headings should facilitate reading and understanding. You should use only two kinds of headings, major headings should be indicated by underlined capital letters in the centre of the page whereas minor headings should be underlined, have lower-case letters (beginning with a capital) and begin at the left hand margin.

    Electronic artwork
    General points
    • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
    • Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
    • Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
    • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
    • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
    • Provide captions to illustrations separately.
    • Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version.
    • Artwork and illustrations should be appropriately referenced.

    If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format.
    Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats:
    PDF, JPEG, PNG (Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi).
    • Supply files that are optimized for screen use, these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors;
    • Don't supply files that are too low in resolution;
    • Don't submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

    Colour artwork
    Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format e.g.JPEG or PDF or MS Office files and with the correct resolution.

    Figure captions, tables, figures
    Submit these as separate files or in the manuscript.

Each table needs a short descriptive title above it, and a clear legend or key and, if necessary, suitably identified footnotes below. When drawing up the tables take care to include all the units of measurement. Make sure that each table is cited in the text. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Tables may be presented in separate files or inthe manuscript.

The use of reference management software is advised (e.g. RefWorks).

Reference style
The accuracy of the references you provide is your responsibility. Follow the RGU Harvard referencing guidelines (available from ...).



Video data
Communicare accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your paper. Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are  encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article (to YouTube, Vimeo etc.).

The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.
Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details (this would usually be the academic writing partner):
• E-mail address
• Full postal address
• Phone numbers
All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
• Keywords
• All figure captions
• All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
Further considerations
• Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
• References are in the correct format  
• All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)

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